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1.1 We are pleased to accept instructions to act on your behalf. The purpose of this document is to confirm our appointment, to set out the basis on which we charge, and to supply other relevant information.
1.2 We appreciate that this Terms of Business is quite long but it is important that you read it thoroughly. If you would like further clarification on anything at any stage, please do not hesitate to contact us.
1.3 We aim to offer our clients high quality legal advice with a personal and approachable service at a fair cost. As a start, we hope it is helpful to you to set out in this statement the basis on which we will provide our professional services.
1.4 Unless we advise you otherwise, these Terms of Business apply to all instructions that you give us, to include any future instructions.
2. What you want us to do
2.1 We will act for you for the purposes stated in the attached letter. Please read this very carefully as it is very important that you understand the scope of our services. Please note particularly any stated exclusions: it is common in family law matters for law firms to act in certain areas only. If there is anything you do not understand or do not agree with, then please ask us. We are here to help and we want to be sure that you understand what we can do for you.
3. People responsible for your work
3.1 The person who has signed the attached letter is responsible for your matter. Their status within the firm is also stated, as is the name of their Supervisor. The Firm makes every effort to avoid changing the people who deal with your matter as we know that this is unsettling for clients and that it can lead to discontinuity. However there may be times when we cannot avoid this, for example sickness or holidays. If this happens we will let you know, with the name and status of the new person, as soon as we can.
4. Our responsibilities to you
4.1 These are our responsibilities to you. We promise that we will
update you regularly by telephone or in writing with progress on your matter.
be realistic and honest about what we can and cannot achieve
update you on the costs of your matter (if applicable)
update you on the likely timescales for each stage and any changes
consult you on strategy even if there appears to be only one realistic option
not assume anything
5. Your responsibilities to us
5.1 You must
give us clear, timely and accurate instructions and provide us with important information as soon as possible
ask us if you do not understand anything, we are always pleased to explain
bring all documents with you to meetings
advise us immediately of any changes in your circumstances or in your contact details
give us written consent to deal with any intermediary
consider carefully and act upon the advice we give
6. Levels of service
6.1 In acting for you, we aim to achieve the highest possible levels of service. In particular we aim to:
return calls within one working day. The office will normally be open from 9am to 5.30pm Monday to Thursday and 9am to 5pm on Friday. At other times please leave a message on the office voicemail
reply to letters and emails within three working days unless we need information from a third party. We generally reply using email where possible as this makes for faster communication. We do not encrypt messages. We are not responsible for the security of email
communicate with you in plain English, explaining all legal terms
consider the options with you and advise you which we consider the best for you
complete your matter as soon as possible, but matters outside our control (including delays by third parties) might cause delay. We are not responsible for such delays or for any losses incurred
encourage equality of opportunity and respect for diversity in all our dealing with clients, third parties and employees. If you would like a copy of our written policy, please ask us
7. How we will charge for our work
7.1 You must not assume that an initial interview is free unless we specifically agree this with you in writing.
7.2 There are a number of ways of funding your case. We set out the options below. We have discussed these with you and we advise in accordance with the attached letter.
7.3 In fixed fee cases, we have agreed to carry out the work for the fees quoted in the attached letter, although we reserve the right to review this if significant unexpected complications arise. We will advise you as soon as possible if this occurs and why and we will not carry out any additional work without your consent. If you elect not to carry out the work we will charge you for everything we have done so far, pro-rata to the stage reached, with VAT and all expenses incurred
7.4 There may be circumstances when you may be responsible for other costs, although in family law cases the general rule is that each party is responsible for its own costs – it is unusual for adverse costs orders to be made. If the other party has legal aid then you will not obtain a costs order against them, and this is often a significant factor in deciding the overall strategy. Part of our role is to advise you on the likely level of costs and to consider the risks of having to pay somebody else’s costs, and the amount of them. We can never guarantee that you will be successful: we will advise you on the prospects for success, but you must understand that the outcome of litigation is not our decision. The Courts commonly encourage mediation and compromise, particularly in family law matters, and failure to do so may well lead to adverse costs orders. Please see section 9 below.
7.5 If we have agreed an hourly rate basis of charge, the hourly rates concerned are set out in the attached letter. We will advise you as and when these change. We charge routine letters sent and telephone calls at 6 minute units of time (unless they are long) and letters received at 3 minute units. It is difficult to give an accurate estimate of the likely total cost at the outset because there are so many variables, but we set out our best current estimate in the attached letter. If this changes, we will advise you and why.
7.6 It is our normal practice to request payment on account of our costs and expenses to be incurred. We will hold any such money in our client account and will apply it to our costs and expenses. You specifically consent to this. We reserve the right to ask you for more money, and we will tell you when we would like further money on account.
7.7 Except where the matter is expected to last less than two months, we normally send interim invoices on a bimonthly basis. If a payment on account exceeds the amount of an invoice, we will retain the balance against future charges. However, we may request a further payment on account. All invoices are due for payment by you on delivery.
7.8 If we have agreed alternative payment terms with you, we will write to you with details of them.
7.9 We are entitled to hold onto any papers until our invoice is paid. We can also charge interest on all, or part of, an unpaid invoice, currently at 8% per year, starting from the date that is 7 days after delivery of it.
7.10 We do not accept more than £1000 cash from clients on any one transaction. Please make payments by bank transfer to our client account: we will give you the details. If you pay by cheque you must allow at least four clear working days for the cheque to clear, so for example a cheque delivered to us no later than noon on Monday will not clear until the following Monday. We do not accept cheques drawn by third parties.
7.11 If we hold money on your behalf and we have sent you an invoice, we will deduct our charges and expenses from that money.
7.12 You may terminate your instructions to us in writing at any time in which case we will charge you in accordance with the above. You will also be responsible for paying any expenses incurred, with VAT if appropriate.
7.13 We in turn have the right to stop acting for you if we have serious differences over basic matters, if a potential or actual conflict of interest arises, if you do not pay our invoice, or we have some other reasonable justification. Termination of our representation does not affect your responsibility to pay our fees and expenses incurred up to the time of termination. We will not terminate instructions without reasonable cause, and only on reasonable notice. If we do this we will suggest other firms to you.
7.14 If your transaction does not complete then we will charge on a pro-rata basis depending on what stage of the transaction has been reached.
7.15 If you have any query about our fees or about an invoice, please contact the person dealing with your matter, or their supervisor, straight away.
7.16 You are entitled to object to our invoice through our complaints procedure and/or by asking a court to assess the bill under Part III of the Solicitors Act 1974, however the court will expect you to pay a fee for this service. There are also strict time limits for bringing this sort of action, set out on the reverse of our invoice. If, following a complaint to us, you are not happy with our conclusions you can refer the matter to the Legal Ombudsman. This is a free to you service. The address is given below at section 18.3. You must bring your complaint within six months of our final determination.
8. Client money
8.1 We have a written policy on payment of interest, in accordance with the SRA Accounts Rules 2011. Our client account is designed to facilitate client transactions: it is not a private banking facility. Therefore, even if interest is payable, you will not receive as much as if you had invested the funds yourself.
8.2 We will pay you (and nobody else) any sums owing to you at the end of the transaction electronically to your UK bank account. We do not make cash payments under any circumstances.
8.3 We are not liable to repay money lost or delayed through a banking failure or to pay any compensation in respect of any such failure.
8.4 We will not allow our client account to be used as a private banking facility. Therefore we cannot arrange the discharge of unsecured debts from any money we receive on your behalf.
9. Legal Indemnity Insurance
9.1 We are not authorised by the Financial Conduct Authority. However, we are included on the Exempt Professional Firms Register maintained by the Financial Conduct Authority so that we can carry on insurance mediation activity, which is broadly the advising on selling and administration of insurance contracts. The Law Society regulates this part of our business including arrangements for complaints or redress if something goes wrong. The register can be accessed via the Financial Conduct Authority
9.2 The Law Society of England and Wales is a designated professional body for the purposes of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000. The Solicitors Regulation Authority is the independent regulatory arm of the Law Society. The Legal Ombudsman is the independent complaints handling service set up by the Legal Services Act 2007. If you are unhappy with any insurance advice you receive from us, you should raise your concerns with any of those bodies and not with the Financial Conduct Authority.
10. Proof of Identity
10.1 We are required by law to obtain satisfactory evidence of your identity and of your address. This applies even if you are well known to us. Please bring to the office your passport or photo card driving licence (full, not provisional) and a recent utility bill clearly showing your name and address. The bill must not be more than three months old, nor can it be a mobile phone bill. If you cannot bring the documents to the office please post them to us. We are not responsible for documents lost in the post so we advise you to use Guaranteed Delivery.
10.2 If you do not have a passport or driving licence, there are other ways we can identify you. Please call us to discuss the options.
10.3 By law, we cannot proceed with your transaction until we have identified you.
10.4 The law requires us to be satisfied as to the source of any funds that may be received into our account or used in any transaction where we act for you. Despite the rules of confidentiality that govern solicitors, we are required to report to the authorities any circumstances which lead us to suspect that such funds may not be legitimate. Your continued instructions is your consent to this. In those circumstances we would not be permitted to inform you that we had made a report, and we could be required to take no further steps in your matter, without explanation. Naturally, we are confident that this will not arise but it is important that you are aware of our obligations.
11.1 We are under professional and legal obligations to keep your affairs private. Except as set out in this document we will not discuss your affairs with anyone else unless we have your written permission.
11.2 If you do not have a passport or driving licence, there are other ways we can identify you. Please call us to discuss the options.
Updating and enhancing client records
Analysis to help us manage our practice
Legal and regulatory compliance
11.3 We keep your data on our server. Our use of that information is subject to your instructions, the Data Protection Act 1998 and our duty of confidentiality. Our work for you may require us to give information to third parties such as lenders. You have a right of access, under data protection legislation, to the personal data that we hold about you.
12. Tax advice
12.1 Any work that we do for you may involve tax implications or necessitate the consideration of tax planning strategies. We are not be qualified to advise you on the tax implications of a transaction that you instruct us to carry out, or the likelihood of them arising. If you have any concerns, please raise them with us immediately. If we can undertake the research necessary to resolve the issue, we will do so and advise you accordingly and of the likely additional cost. If we cannot, we may able to identify a source of assistance for you. We cannot advise on Stamp Duty Land Tax savings or avoidance schemes and we will not become involved in such matters. Unless our scope of work as described in the accompanying letter specifically includes tax advice, we will not advise you on the tax implications of a matter or the likelihood of them arising and you must obtain independent taxation advice from someone qualified to give it. By signing these terms and conditions you specifically agree to this.
13. The Law Society’s Lexcel award
13.1 In the future we may work towards the Law Society’s Lexcel quality standard. As a result, we are or may become subject to periodic review by outside Consultants and Assessors. This could mean that your file is selected for review. We need your consent for it to be inspected. All inspections are, of course, conducted in total confidence. If you prefer to withhold consent, work on your file is not affected in any way. Since very few of our clients do object, we assume that we have your consent unless you say otherwise. Similarly we will also assume that your consent now will cover all future matters that we conduct for you. Please do not hesitate to contact us if we can explain this further or if you would like us to mark your file as not to be inspected.
14.1 You may terminate your instructions to us in writing at any time but we will be entitled to keep all your papers and documents while there is money owing to us for our charges and expenses. If at any stage you do not wish us to continue doing work and/or incurring charges and expenses on your behalf, you must tell us this clearly in writing. We are entitled not to release your papers to you until we are paid in full.
14.2 If we decide to stop acting for you we will only do this with good reason and on giving you reasonable written notice. We will suggest alternative providers.
15. Provision of Services Regulations 2009
15.1 These regulations require us to give certain additional information to you. Our postal address, fax number, email address and telephone number are set out on the attached letter and on our website. Holmes Family Law is the trading name of Helen Holmes, Solicitor. We are Solicitors in England and Wales, authorised and regulated by the Solicitors Regulation Authority. Our SRA number is 626519 (Whickham office) and 650931 (Cramlington Office). Our VAT number is 230 0447 60. We hold professional indemnity insurance, details are available upon request.
16. Consumer Contracts Regulations 2013
16.1 If you instruct us by telephone or email, you have the right to withdraw your instructions without charge for any reason within 14 days from the day after the date on which you sign these Terms and Conditions. If you wish to do this, you must tell us within this period. However, if we start working on your instructions with your consent, you cannot withdraw without charge. Your acceptance of these terms of business amounts to such consent.
17. Raising queries or concerns
17.1 We aim to offer all our clients an efficient and effective service and we are confident that we will do this. If you are unhappy with any aspect of our service, including an invoice we have sent you, please raise the matter with insert name (who is a Partner) and s/he will be pleased to investigate in accordance with our written complaints policy. A copy of this is available on request.
17.2 If you remain dissatisfied you can refer the matter to the Legal Ombudsman who can consider your complaint. You normally must do this within 6 months of receiving a final written response from us.
18.1 At the completion of your instructions, we will return original documents to you and we reserve the right to scan your file of papers onto DVD and destroy the original file. If you ask for a print of the file you agree to pay us a reasonable reproduction charge currently minimum £40 + VAT for black and white printing and £60 + VAT for colour printing.
19. Taking matters further
19.1 Your continuing instructions is your acceptance of these terms of business, but please sign and date the copy of the attached letter and return it to us immediately. Then we can be confident that you understand the basis on which we will act for you.
19.2 We want you to understand what we will do, how we will do it, and what it will cost. If you have any queries, please ask us as we are here to help. We are always pleased to advise.
If you require any further information, you can contact us by visiting the Get In Touch page.